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Did You Know? Fascinating Facts About Kolkata’s Eden Gardens

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Cricket is a bat-and-ball game that can be called a religion in India. By far, it is the most popular sport. All across the country, the game is watched and played with the utmost fervor. The Indian Premier League is a professional Twenty20 cricket league. It is believed to be the world’s biggest cricket tournament.

One of the most famous stadiums in the IPL is Eden Gardens in Kolkata. The historical stadium is referred to as “The Fortress” and has been welcoming international competitions since 1934. Kolkata Knight Riders is an IPL franchise and the host team of the stadium.

We see that there are different stories on how Indian cricket grounds came to be, one of them built from dispute and the other named after Lord Auckland’s sisters, but the importance of building this stadium is the legacy of cricket in India that lasts. In this blog, we will discover the facts about the historic Eden Gardens in Kolkata. 

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Eden Gardens Profile 

Stadium Profile 
LocationKolkata, India
Owned byCricket Association of Bengal (MCA)
Home ground forKolkata Knight Riders (IPL) 
Stands Named AfterPankaj Roy, Sourav Ganguly, and Sanjay Manjrekar

Fact 1: The Oldest Cricket Ground in India

This stadium holds the title of being the oldest cricket ground in India. The field was founded in 1864 and was christened after the Eden sisters of Lord Auckland, the Governor-General of India at that point. 

The history of the ground is quite long and rich since, on its premises, one of the most famous cricketing venues has been established. What is more, it is one of the biggest stadiums in India and the world. 

Fact 2: The First Test Match Held in Eden Gardens

The Eden Gardens witnessed the first test match in 1934. This can be viewed as a remarkable moment in Indian cricket history, as the country faced off against England, a powerhouse team. 

The exact date of the event was January 29, 1934, when India and the touring MCC team captained by Douglas Jardine would fight in an international showdown. The event drew unprecedented attention and transformed the newly built stadium in Eden Gardens into a well-known cricket venue. 

This first Test match set the stage for many more to come at Eden Gardens. The stadium is currently one of the most popular venues for all kinds of events, from Tests and One Day Internationals to other major cricket events.

Fact 3: Often Called as the “Mecca of Indian Cricket,”

Eden Gardens holds the prestigious title of being the “Mecca of Indian Cricket.” This reputation stems from several factors:

  • First, as we mentioned earlier, it is the oldest cricket stadium in India, as it was built in 1864. Over the years, it has become the most historic ground for the sport. 
  • Second, with a capacity of over 68,000, it is the second-largest stadium in India. Thus, it is a true cricket ground, where matches always have the most passionate fans. 
  • Third, Eden Gardens was constructed as a cricket stadium from the very beginning, while all the other cricket stadiums were first created and then reconstructed from other stadiums to meet the demands of cricket.  Altogether, it means Eden Gardens, the most iconic cricket stadium in the place and the most significant pilgrimage site for Indian fans.

Fact 4: Eden Gardens Hosted Five Cricket World Cups 

The Eden Garden stadium can be called the historic place for the World Cups as this field was a place where the five World Cups, 1987, 1996, 2011, 2016, and the latest one in 2023 took place.

Moreover, the 1987 World Cup Final occurred here, when Australia won its first title. The characteristics of this memorable spot are the boisterous Kolkata fans and the unparalleled atmosphere of the World Cup there.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How was Eden Gardens named?

Kolkata Eden Gardens cricket stadium was named after the Eden sisters, Emily and Fanny, who lived in India. Their brother George Eden, who was the Governor-General of India from 1836 to 1842, laid the foundation for these gardens in the year 1841. The cricket ground was established in 1864.

What kind of pitch is there at the Eden Gardens?

The pitch at Eden Gardens is different considering the format of the game. In T20 matches, it’s quite batter-friendly, with a flat surface and good bounce. However, with the ODIs and Tests, it can turn in the favor of spinners as the match goes on, with the surface wearing down to offer more turn and bounce. It makes it relatively harder for the batsmen to score later in the game.

How big is Eden Gardens? 

Eden Gardens covers an impressive 20 acres and has a seating capacity of 68,000.